Şafak İ., Okan T., Hizal E., Keçecioğlu T., Işık C., Acar S., 2013. Determination of Cultural Characteristics of Hunters for Hunting and Wildlife Management (The Case of İstanbul Province). International Conference on Economic and Social Studies, Bosnia Herzegovina, 10-11 May 2013, Sarajevo, 1 (1). ISSN:978-9958-834-23-3. 14p.

 

MAKALENİN TAMAMINA ULAŞMAK İÇİN TIKLAYINIZ

 

Determination of Cultural Characteristics of Hunters for Hunting and Wildlife Management

(The Case of Istanbul Province)

 

Turkey has a rather important potential from the point of view of wildlife resources which includes both species diversity and sheltering capacity. On the other hand, wildlife in Turkey has been endangered since wilderness ecosystem and habitats have been damaged and managed badly. There is a rather important role of hunters in this process.

 

Hunting, which means catching of either living or lifeless animals that live freely in the nature, has attracted attention of mankind almost in every term. Hunting has been accepted as an important activity also today as well as in the past. It is not a realistic approach considering the hunting passion which comes to today with the traces from the past as nothing. Today, hunters have become a guaranty of biodiversity and wilderness by getting an environmentalist status.

 

Associations, institutions and enterprises attach importance to knowing cultural elements and factors that affect them. It has been used as an active instrument to convey cultural data and to reach aims. In this context, researches that determine human structure and cultural sensitiveness fields in the management of wildlife resources are very important.

 

This article includes hunting clubs and their members in Istanbul. For this aim, according to sample size, there were reached primary data using questionnaire method which is prepared for hunters. Some data based on literature research constitute secondary data of research. In the research, questionnaire form; cultural elements of hunters, profile of hunters and level of importance on the issue of hunters were determined. Nine-point Likert Scale was used in some questions to determine hunters’ thinking on the issue. The hunter form was designed in three sections. The first part is related to the demographic characteristics of the hunters. The second part reflects culture of Hunters’ Associations. In the last part; the levels of the perception of the cultural components of the hunters have been included. 

 

In this study, values forming culture of hunters were investigated in context of leaders and heroes, ceremony and symbols, story and legends, language, customs, norms and organizational socialization. Results of research project will be used as basic data in controlling and training of hunters, providing coordination and planning and sources.

 

Keywords: Hunting, Hunting Culture, Hunting and Wildlife Management, Istanbul, Turkey.