Assessment Environmental of Conflicts in Hunting and Wildlife Management
Endangered species at the forefront, there are
various national and international regulations for
the protection and development of hunting and wild
animals. Accordingly, comprehensive projects are prepared for the
development of game and wild animals. However, some segments of society
take a different attitude toward these regulations.
In this research, parties, reasons and solution
methods of both Human-Wildlife Conflict and sense of social conflicts
are examined. In the light of these findings, suggestions and
recommendations are explained for efficiently managing such conflicts.
That game and wild animals
come in search of food and drink around urban or village areas;
hunting and wild animals can wander to different habitats due to
sickness and population rise; people wish to hunt the game and wild
animals; people fear from hunting and wild animals etc. reactions,
constitutes to Human-Wildlife Conflict. In the
event of a specie(s) being a predatory game or wild animals, severity of
conflict increases even more.
in social sense are investigated as both individually and
organizationally. In individual conflicts, hunters conflict with
villagers and sheepherders. In organizational ones, hunter conflicts
with the village headman, the members of his own hunting societies,
regional hunting societies, environmental societies, gendarme and
authorities of nature protection, national parks,
hunting and wildlife. Additionally, in managed areas for hunting
tourism, rural parties are having conflicts with natural resource
managers, tourism agencies and tour operators.
Key Words: Hunting, Wildlife Management,
Conflict Management, Human-Wildlife Conflicts