Şafak, İ. 2012, Assessment Environmental of Conflicts in Hunting and Wildlife  Management in Turkey (Türkiye’de Av ve Yaban Hayatı Yönetiminde Çatışmaların Çevresel Açıdan Değerlendirilmesi). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, Vol: 21(11): 3427-3433.




Assessment Environmental of Conflicts in Hunting and Wildlife Management in Turkey

Endangered species at the forefront, there are various national and international regulations for the protection and development of hunting and wild animals. Accordingly, comprehensive projects are prepared for the development of game and wild animals. However, some segments of society take a different attitude toward these regulations. In this research, parties, reasons and solution methods of both Human-Wildlife Conflict and sense of social conflicts are examined. In the light of these findings, suggestions and recommendations are explained for efficiently managing such conflicts.

That game and wild animals come in search of food and drink around urban or village areas; hunting and wild animals can wander to different habitats due to sickness and population rise; people wish to hunt the game and wild animals; people fear from hunting and wild animals etc. reactions, constitutes to Human-Wildlife Conflict. In the event of a specie(s) being a predatory game or wild animals, severity of conflict increases even more.

Conflicts in social sense are investigated as both individually and organizationally. In individual conflicts, hunters conflict with villagers and sheepherders. In organizational ones, hunter conflicts with the village headman, the members of his own hunting societies, regional hunting societies, environmental societies, gendarme and authorities of nature protection, national parks, hunting and wildlife. Additionally, in managed areas for hunting tourism, rural parties are having conflicts with natural resource managers, tourism agencies and tour operators.


Key Words: Hunting, Wildlife Management, Conflict Management, Human-Wildlife Conflicts